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Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

Before hiring a temporary foreign worker, most employers are required to obtain a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). It's crucial to ascertain whether an LMIA is needed as part of your hiring process.

The purpose of a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is to verify:

  • The genuine necessity for a temporary foreign worker in a specific role.

  • The absence of available Canadian citizens or permanent residents to fulfill the job requirements.

Once an LMIA is granted, it facilitates the foreign worker's eligibility to apply for a Work Permit. This permit authorizes the individual to legally reside and work in Canada.

However, it's important to note that there are numerous LMIA-exempt work permits available. These exemptions are often based on the specific nature of the job, the worker's nationality, reciprocal agreements between Canada and other countries, or if the worker's presence is deemed to bring significant social or cultural benefits to Canada.

Determining eligibility for an LMIA-exempt work permit can be complex. It may be advisable to schedule a consultation to explore if you or your potential employee qualify for such exemptions. This can involve reviewing the specific job offer, the worker's qualifications, and any applicable international agreements or special provisions under Canadian immigration law.

In some cases, an employer might need to demonstrate efforts made to recruit Canadian citizens or permanent residents before considering a foreign worker. This can include advertising the position in Canada for a certain period and proving that no suitable Canadian candidate was found.


Understanding the nuances of the LMIA process and the potential for LMIA-exempt work permits is essential for compliance with Canadian immigration and labor laws.

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